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Copenhagen Airport Reviews Intelligent V2G In Parking

Copenhagen Airport Explores the Potential of Intelligent Control for Charging Stations

Copenhagen Airport recognizes the immense potential of intelligent control for traditional and Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) charging stations in its parking facilities. By implementing smart management systems, the airport aims to reduce electricity costs and contribute to a decrease in CO2 emissions. Hybrid Greentech, Danish Technological Institute, and Copenhagen Airport documented findings in a comprehensive report collaboratively prepared for the EU project ALIGHT.

Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) charging stations in Copenhagen Airport parking facilities
Charging Stations in Copenhagen Airport parking facilities.

Copenhagen Airport’s Parking V2G Potential

With around 15,000 parking spaces, Copenhagen Airport is the largest airport in Scandinavia. It has been actively exploring the benefits of intelligent management systems for Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) and fast destination charging stations in its parking facilities. The airport has identified significant opportunities for sustainable growth and profitable operations by conducting thorough analyses and tests.

The report delves into the impact of intelligent charging management in parking facilities, highlighting its role in reducing CO2 emissions and cutting down electricity costs. Additionally, it offers valuable recommendations on the implementation and ownership structure of these charging stations. The EU project ALIGHT, in which Copenhagen Airport, Danish Technological Institute, and Hybrid Greentech participate, provides a platform for sharing expertise and insights in this domain.

By focusing on intelligent control and embracing innovative charging solutions, Copenhagen Airport aims to create a greener and more efficient transportation hub while reaping the benefits of a sustainable and prosperous business model.

“With the report, we hope to bring the many advantages of intelligent charging control into focus. Electric vehicles and batteries provide a lot of flexibility for a large electricity consumer, which is worth utilizing. Therefore, we also focus on what an airport or other owners of parking facilities and charging infrastructure need to know to understand the commercial potential and how to take advantage of the flexibility,” says Andreas Barnekov Thingvad, Trading Systems Director at Hybrid Greentech.

Creating The Largest Battery Capacity In Denmark

Copenhagen Airport is taking a futuristic approach to transportation by embracing electric vehicles in its daily operations. With approximately 5,000 cars parked at the airport every day, the number of electric vehicles is on the rise. In line with its climate program for the next decade, the airport has ambitious plans to electrify its fleet of larger vehicles, such as trucks, buses, and special equipment.

Electrifying these large vehicles can be costly, considering their limited usage throughout the year. However, the airport has come up with an innovative solution. Connecting these vehicles to Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) charging stations can charge and discharge energy, effectively acting as stationary batteries. This progressive approach allows Copenhagen Airport to potentially create the largest battery capacity in Denmark given the substantial number of vehicles in their electrification plans.

“This will, in many ways, make sense. When the vehicle functions as a mobile battery, it will reduce the payback period of the investment. Additionally, if there is intelligent management of the V2G solution, it will result in lower electricity costs and reduced CO2 emissions,” says Thomas Steen Jensen, Energy Engineer at Copenhagen Airport.

Copenhagen Airport’s Collaboration With Danish Technological Insitute’s Energy Flex Lab

In collaboration with the Danish Technological Institute and Hybrid Greentech, Copenhagen Airport has developed innovative algorithms to effectively manage batteries and charging stations. The Danish Technological Institute is testing the algorithms. The partners plan to showcase their capabilities at several airport charging stations. Along with the demonstration, the partners will deploy a stationary 900 kW/1200 kWh battery. The aim is to make managing batteries and charging stations more efficient and sustainable.

“Danish Technological Institute’s Energy Flex Lab allows for testing different control strategies and energy systems, contributing to ensuring an efficient integration of stationary batteries, charging stations, and electric vehicles into the existing energy system, as well as validating the CO2-and business gains from smart management,” says Lea Kornbeck Askholm, Engineer in electrical energy technology at Danish Technological Institute.

ALIGHT Smart Charging & V2G Report with Recommendations 

The results of the analysis are outlined in the report titled “Potential of Smart Charging and V2G.” This comprehensive report offers recommendations on:

  • Technical implementation
  • Ownership structure for charging stations,
  • Market interaction with electricity suppliers,
  • Balance of responsible parties
  • The role of the transmission system operator.

Furthermore, the report explores the benefits of intelligent charging, considering spot prices and CO2 emissions within the electricity grid. It also examines the potential earnings from making charging stations available to transmission system operators as a flexible resource. This can be adjusted during significant electric grid imbalances.


ALIGHT is an EU-funded project. 17 different partners gather knowledge and experiences to find future solutions for more sustainable aviation. The partners include European universities, SAS, Germany’s Aerospace Center, the International Air Transport Association (IATA), and four European airports. The goal is to share the knowledge and experiences gained from the project with other European airports. The entire industry can learn from the results and be inspired to a sustainable transition.

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